Fishing in Congo River

In the rocky depths there is a good-sized anguilliform fish and sharp teeth that bring great emotions to the fishermen in autumn and winter: the Congrios. These creatures are strong and quite difficult to fish, it is vital to have the right fishing equipment and proceed with caution and cunning. That is exactly what we are going to talk about here today in PescaCosmar, the fishing in Congrio.

Knowing The Species

The more knowledge we have of our conger friends, the more chance you have of finding them and facing the conditions of your fishing. The conger, whose scientific name is Conger conger, belongs to the Congridae family, in other regions it is known as a snake, snake or negrillo because of its dark color andelongated shape. They are seen to the east of the Atlantic Ocean, and are also found in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Baltic Sea.

Sizes

An Adult congrio can reach little more than 3 meters long and around 70 kg in weight. However, the catch on the coast is smaller, ranging from 70 cm to 2 meters, while at greater depth it is easier to find those that exceed 2 meters.

Morphology

The Body Is Extremely elongated and cylindrical, very similar to that of eels but more robust. It has no ventral scales or fins, but a certain mucus on the back and a powerful dorsal fin, the gills appear as a slit-shaped opening at the sides, and their swimming to strong but not too fast is due to their pectoral fins.

Its head is flat and its face continues the conical shape of the body, the jaw is elongated and has sharply pointed pointed teeth.

Color

Its color is very dark, although on the sides you can see the gray or blue hues.

Feeding

Congrios are predatory voracious, consuming fish, crustaceans and cephalopods.

Habitat

Younger congeres prowl rocky, rugged or where there are places to hide, preferably near the shores at great depth. As adults become immersed into ever deeper bottoms, it is one of the most difficult species to find in their last years of life as they can submerge more than a thousand meters.

Biology And Behavior

He is an astute nocturnal hunter, who takes advantage of the low light to leave his hiding place and to hunt his prey unprepared.

Their sexual maturity reaches them from the 5 years in the males and from the 15 years in the females, once that happens they move towards the Costas of Portugal or the Mediterranean to spawn, looking for a depth superior to the 2000 meters .Once he releases the larvae the female dies. The larvae are returned to the coast at lower depths ranging from 30 to 100 meters.

Their behavior is curious, they catch the attention the movements and strange sounds, as well as the striking colors.

They are very resistant species and have a remarkable ability of cicatrization, the wounds are closed easily to him and cases of congrios have been seen that can live with hooks in the stomach that sooner or later they expel of natural form.

Other Species Of Conger

Congrio gistolero or Genypterus maculatus whose snout is quite sharpened and its color darker, the red conger or Genypterus chilensi that differentiates by its red tones in the belly, throat and lips, and the golden conger or Genypterus blacodes, that has a size more Prominent and whose skin is rather thicker.

When To Fish Congrio?

Unlike the rest of the species, the Congrio has a resistant skin, so the temperature does not represent major problems in their daily routine, except for the fact that their food is scarce in the winter season, causing fishermen to lend Attention at this time. Cheating is very easy because he is curious, voracious and hungry. The difficulty is to remove it without breaking the line once we have nailed it.

As for the best time of day, the answer is simple, if the congrio goes out at night to hunt, the most natural thing is to start the fishing day at sunset, extending it until dawn. During the day it is quite difficult to get them if we fish from shore, but in boat there are greater possibilities as long as we have sufficient capacity of yarn in the reel to reach depths greater than 300 meters where the light is more scarce.

The Congrio is photophobic, it is afraid of the light for that reason it is better to hunt it in nocturnal hours and to avoid the full moon.

How To Fish Congrio?

The surfcasting mode is the most recommended for small-sized conger fishing, it can be found in rocks and springs and even on the beach if the bottoms have enough vegetation and rocks.

But if you want to beat record fishing big congeries, deep-sea fishing with high-capacity fishing equipment, would be more practical.

Equipment For Conger Fishing

When it is a night fishing in potentially dangerous places, we recommend that you do not go alone, that you wear warm clothes, anti slip shoes and flashlights to facilitate the visibility in your walk to the point of fishing, be it a rock, a pier or the beach . And the same applies even if you are going to sail by boat.

The Line Suitable For The Conger

For the mother line, preferably dakron, however, for gear, things change: the powerful swim of these species, added to its force that twists the threads, besides its sharp teeth and the rocks of the environment that cut the line merit a line out of the ordinary. It would be useless to recommend thick or braided threads because these are broken in the same way. Instead it is vital to use metal wiresand steel line basses.

Hooks For The Conger

Taking into account that you use a metal line bass, you need eye hooks to string them correctly, the size should be considerably large, resistant to salt, very strong and sharp as the mouth and skin of the conger is very hard.

The Plumb

At this point you will have to take several options and put your brain to work, because your location and the type of background will determine which will be the most suitable plumb. We advance that if you are on the coast you do not need to throw away, the congrios are at the foot of rock, however a plumb line not very heavy can help to entangle the line, you need a lead heavy enough to take it to the bottom with the smaller one Amount of possible risk for the bait, therefore the terminal leads are more convenient in case of entanglement with the fund.

Congrios Fishing Rods

Go immediately discarding the light and flexible rods, here it takes strength and hardness, for the surfcasting rods a not too long length and for the bottom rods a rather rigid toe.

Reel More Suitable For Congrio Fishing

Reels highly resistant to water and salt, preferably with spinning drum coil.

More Effective Baits In Congrio Fishing

As we said earlier during the autumn season and especially in winter, the hungry congrios will not reject almost anything, but since the bait will be kept in the same place a bait is needed that bounces strong smells, that the current takes them and they say To the conger where it comes from. In that sense the sardine, the pejerrey and the bogas are highly recommended. Once the area has been conditioned, you can alternate using squid or whole squid, which will give you more chops if you present fresh and attractive in sight.

Practical Advice For Conger Fishing

Have everything ready just before sunset, including several bass lines, and the two types of bait we talked about.

We DO NOT recommend priming the area superficially unless the waters are calm, otherwise the current would take the bait to the wrong zone, leaving our rigging helpless.

To leave the static rod and avoid entanglements, we must pay more attention to the presentation of the bait than to its movements under the water, because although we would draw more attention to them, the risks of cutting the rig are very high.

While the cane should stay fixed, once the lead touches the bottom, you can lightly pick up the line with the spool to raise the lure a few inches and make sure that the blood expands, then drop it again and repeat the procedure to prime the bottom .

Do not insist after two hours in the same place. The hunting time of each specimen is short, once they eat they return to hide in their caves or swim towards the depths. If you want to continue testing look for more depth.

Do not worry if the tip of the cane vibrates a little, do not despair or try to pick if you have doubts that the conger has chopped. You will know the difference when you see that the reed doubles in half because of the powerful dive that the conger has done in his attempt to flee the hook.When that happens it reacts fast and grips the cane hard because the battle will be hard.

During the first moments of the fight, it is necessary to climb quickly to the dam at least 15 meters.  In this way you will prevent it from curling or hiding in rough caves that would cut in thread.

During the collection the conger becomes violent, but we need to be calm and react with precision. Adjust the brake well so that the conger can not escape, and collects steadily until it is completely lifted.

If you are on a boat, before boarding it, use a heavy bar to lightly hit your head and stun it, since once in the boat you will continue your efforts to flee and bite everything that is near you.

Quickly put it in a bucket or bag to avoid problems.

Clearing a live conger is a dangerous task, you need protection in the hands and long and resistant knives, NEVER do it by hand or you could run out of fingers. If you are going to take the specimen home, cut off its tail to kill it instantly. Then when you confirm that he has remained still you can proceed to take the hook calmly.

Once you take your catch home freeze it and later cook it very well. Conger has some annoying substances and bacteria for humans.Nevertheless the heat and the cold gets rid of both, giving way to one of the most nutritious and recommended foods. The meat of the conger has countless vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, proteins, etc.

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